Understand your Risks

Privacy Impact Assessments

2B Advice PIA provides an impact assessment for an organization, products, international data transfers, or new technologies to identify and mitigate privacy compliance risks within the organization.

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Privacy Impact Assessment

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Data Privacy Impact Assessment of your organization

The GDPR and other data protection regulations require businesses to conduct an impact assessment in order to assess the risks of their data processing activities.

You want to know where your company is at risk and how you can fix it.

The Privacy Impact Assessment Organization helps you identify and minimize risks to data protection compliance in the company.

Cloud Migration Impact Assessment

Migrating to the cloud can be a challenge. You want to get the most out of your migration, but you also want to make sure you’re not putting your data at risk.

What are the risks of migrating? How do I mitigate them?

Privacy Impact Assessment (PIA) is a tool that helps you identify and manage risks before, during, and after your cloud migration.

Data protection in the cross-border transfer of data

Data protection is an increasingly important issue, and it’s not just about privacy.

A data protection impact assessment (DPIA) is a mechanism for assessing the privacy risks of personal data being transferred to countries outside the EU, to help organisations determine whether they need to comply with additional requirements imposed by the GDPR.

We provide a DPIA service to help you understand your responsibilities, and keep you compliant with the law.

Data protection impact assessment prior to a product launch or other data processing operation

Privacy Impact Assessment is a process that evaluates the risks and opportunities of data processing.

Introducing a new product or service can be risky, especially if it involves collecting personal data.

A Privacy Impact Assessment will help you understand the risks and opportunities before you launch your product, while still satisfying your company’s compliance obligations.

Privacy Impact Assessment FAQs?

A data protection impact assessment (DPIA) is a tool for identifying and mitigating risks to personal data. It examines the processing of personal data, identifies the risks to the individuals being processed, and considers how those risks can be mitigated. A data protection impact assessment should be conducted before any new processing takes place or significant changes are made to existing processing.

The purpose of a DSFA is to help organizations make informed decisions when implementing new technologies and systems by providing them with an overview of the potential risks. Once an organization understands these risks, it can take steps to implement additional controls or safeguards to reduce the impact on people’s privacy. Organizations can also use DSFA documentation as evidence of compliance with regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation.

The goal of a PIA is to minimize the risk of harm from projects, programs, policies and technologies by going through the following steps:

  • Identifying threats
  • Understanding the likelihood that these threats will occur
  • Assessing whether we can mitigate those threats and what is needed to do so
  • Addressing any remaining threats.

An initial assessment or initial PIA can be part of a proactive set of assessments when establishing a privacy program. Also, a PIA can be part of an annual audit of the privacy organisation within your company. A PIA seeks to identify the overall compliance risk exposure of a company regarding compliance with privacy regulations.

The outcome of a PIA should identify cases where more specific risk assessments, i.e., DPIA-EU, DPA-US or DTIA need to be carried out.

Whether we are talking about a PIA, a DPA, or a DPIA, typically the governing regulation provides guidelines around areas of risk. The GDPR has the broadest definition in that DPIA is required when the processing is “likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons”. However, US state data protection acts have fairly specific definitions.

Most often full data protection assessments or data privacy impact assessments are required reactively, in line with specific regional or national privacy regulations and related to specific activities such as prior to introducing a high risk processing activity or new technology or ones that bring heightened risk to consumer privacy or security such as profiling or targeted advertising.

PIA’s are a best practice for the appropriate and purposeful use of personal data by businesses. A PIA reduces privacy risk by allowing you to identify and mitigate against data protection risks, plan for the implementation of any solutions to those risks, and assess the viability of a project at an early stage.

The result of a PIA enables regulatory compliance, improves control over personal data throughout the data life cycle, and determines authorization and access management. It assists in the prevention of data breaches and personal data misuse or abuse. Importantly, it helps IT, privacy and security leaders to quantify risk to consumers and apply suitable mitigating controls in a timely manner.

The Privacy Impact Assessment is the first step in understanding what the organization needs and requires from the data protection standpoint.

The PIA pinpoints the area that need implementation and improvement for a cohesive and risk adverse development of the data protection program. From the PIA the organization will gather intel on the need for DTIA and what and where a DPIA in needed.

In essence, any project related to the processing of personal data either introduces a new processing activity or at minimum applies new technology to existing processes, and this may cause risk and attack surfaces to change. An initial impact assessment conducted at the initiation of a project protects against the need for retroactive assessment and an endless loop of remediation. An initial assessment can identify where any special categories of personal data or in particular, specially defined high-risk activities are or might be in play.

After you have conducted your organizational information audit, then you would begin building your records of processing activities. The record of processing activities (RoPAs) allows you to make an inventory of data processing and to have an overview of what you are doing with the concerned personal data. RoPAs will include significant information about the data processing activities being carried out.

To best understand when the processing operations are likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons via a PIA, the dataController, with the data protection officer and processors or third parties, should be responsible for carrying out a privacy impact assessment. The controller is responsible that the PIA is carried out and is accountable for the risk, though the PIA itself might be done by someone else.

The Privacy Impact Assessment is the first step in understanding what the organization needs and requires from the data protection standpoint.

The PIA pinpoints the area that need implementation and improvement for a cohesive and risk adverse development of the data protection program. From the PIA the organization will gather intel on the need for DTIA and what and where a DPIA in needed.

In essence, any project related to the processing of personal data either introduces a new processing activity or at minimum applies new technology to existing processes, and this may cause risk and attack surfaces to change. An initial impact assessment conducted at the initiation of a project protects against the need for retroactive assessment and an endless loop of remediation. An initial assessment can identify where any special categories of personal data or in particular, specially defined high-risk activities are or might be in play.

After you have conducted your organizational information audit, then you would begin building your records of processing activities. The record of processing activities (RoPAs) allows you to make an inventory of data processing and to have an overview of what you are doing with the concerned personal data. RoPAs will include significant information about the data processing activities being carried out.

The cost of a PIA will depend on the scope of the assessment. A preliminary assessment covering a single state law and a mid-size company with relatively few high risk processing activities, for example could be at list as $10,000. However, depending on the complexity, the number of business entities, the number of applicable data protection laws, and the number of high risk processing activities, the cost would be higher.

An initial assessment or initial PIA can be part of a proactive set of assessments when establishing a privacy program. Also, a PIA can be part of an annual audit of the privacy organisation within your company. A PIA seeks to identify the overall compliance risk exposure of a company regarding compliance with privacy regulations.

The outcome of a PIA should identify cases where more specific risk assessments, i.e., DPIA-EU, DPA-US or DTIA need to be carried out.

Whether we are talking about a PIA, a DPA, or a DPIA, typically the governing regulation provides guidelines around areas of risk. The GDPR has the broadest definition in that DPIA is required when the processing is “likely to result in a high risk to the rights and freedoms of natural persons”. However, US state data protection acts have fairly specific definitions.

Most often full data protection assessments or data privacy impact assessments are required reactively, in line with specific regional or national privacy regulations and related to specific activities such as prior to introducing a high risk processing activity or new technology or ones that bring heightened risk to consumer privacy or security such as profiling or targeted advertising.

Under Virginia’s CDPA, data controllers are required to conduct data protection assessments of any processing activities that involve personal data used in any of the following: (a) targeted advertising; (b) sale of personal data; (c) for purposes of profiling; (d) sensitive data; and (e) data that presents a heightened risk of harm to consumers.

Under the Colorado Privacy Act, data protection assessments focus on processing that presents a heightened risk of harm to the consumer such as processing for (a) targeted advertising where profiling is a risk of unfair or deceptive treatment, financial or physical injury, or intrusion on solitude or seclusion; (b) the sale of personal data; or (c) processing sensitive data.

Under California’s CPRA updated Section 1798.185 (a)(15), a data protection assessments must be conducted by businesses whose processing of consumers’ personal information present significant risk to consumer’s privacy or security.

CPRA now requires businesses whose processing of consumers ‘personal information presents significant risk to consumers’ privacy or security, to:

(A) perform a cybersecurity audit on an annual basis, including defining the scope of the audit and establishing a process to ensure that audits are thorough and independent. The factors to be considered in determining when processing may result in significant risk to the security of personal information shall include the size and complexity of the business and the nature and scope of processing activities,

(B) submit to the California Privacy Protection Agency (CPPA) on a regular basis a risk assessment with respect to their processing of personal information, including whether the processing involves sensitive personal information, and identifying and weighing the benefits resulting from the processing to the business, the consumer, other stakeholders, and the public, against the potential risks to the rights of the consumer associated with such processing, with the goal of restricting or prohibiting such processing if the risks to privacy of the consumer outweigh the benefits resulting from processing to the consumer, the business, other stakeholders, and the public. Nothing in this section shall require a business to divulge trade secrets.

Under the EU’s GDPR, DPIAs are not necessary for every processing activity, but are mandatory for any new high risk processing projects and should be carried out prior to the processing (GDPR Article 35) or during the design phase of a new technology.

The time required depends on the size and complexity of the data processing activities and the flow of personal data in your organization.

When you create the privacy impact assessment for a project, you need all relevant information about the project. This includes, by way of example:

  • The goals of the project
  • The types of data categories that will be used
  • The methods that will be used
  • The risks associated with the project
  • When the data will be deleted
  • The terms of use that may be necessary when collecting data
  • The behavior of staff and employees with regard to data protection in accordance with company policy

No, there are no templates provided for in the GDPR. A data protection impact assessment should be tailored to your specific circumstances.

People will be affected by the privacy impact assessment who are associated with the project. This may include customers, colleagues, partners, and others. The success of the project depends on the acceptance of all these people. They must agree or benefit from it.

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Privacy Impact Assessment

2B Advice offers privacy compliance software and services that help with Privacy Impact Assessments including risk assessment tools, catalogs, and more.

Data Protection Impact Assessment

According to GDPR, processing of personal data has to an elaborate assessment of the impact prior to the processing. Learn how we can help.

Cloud Migration Impact Assessment

Our team of experts will advise your legal requirements you need to be aware of in terms of privacy regulations and data privacy compliance.

Data Transfer Impact Assessment

Companies who transfer data across borders must find other legal bases for their data transfer which include putting SCC in place according to GDPR.

Regional GDPR Gap Analysis

The Regional GDPR Gap is an initial assessment to identify organizational gaps in your privacy organization based on the current state of your privacy program.

Standard Contractual Clauses

According to the GDPR, SCCs ensure appropriate data protection safeguards as grounds for data transfers from the EU to third countries.